Types of Personality Disorders | Personality Disorder
Personality disorders are becoming more common in this world. According to research around 6% of world’s population is suffering from some kind of personality disorder. The most common personality disorders being Antisocial personality disorder and Borderline personality disorder.
Personality disorders are basically mental disorder, a person suffering from a personality disorder have unhealthy pattern of thinking, behaving and feeling. A person’s personality is based on or influenced by many factors; experience from childhood, culture, environment, inherited features, etc. all that shape the person’s personality.
After thorough research, a psychiatrist has found that there are 10 types of personality disorders and If not diagnosed timely, they can stay the same for the rest of your life. Personality disorders usually begin around teenage years when there are some hormonal changes in the body. These personality disorders are grouped under three categories:
Types of Personality Disorders:
A.) Suspicious and Bizarre
- Paranoid personality disorder
- Schizoid personality disorder
- Schizotypal personality disorder
B.) Emotional and Dramatic
- Anti-social personality disorder
- Border line personality disorder
- Histrionic personality disorder
- Narcissistic personality disorder
C.) Anxious and Afraid
- Avoidant personality disorder
- Dependent personality disorder
- Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
A.) SUSPICIOUS AND BIZARRE
Starting with Suspicious and bizarre is the type of personality disorder in which the people having this personality disorder have an uncommon and unconventional way of thinking. This involves:
1.) Paranoid Personality Disorder:
Paranoid personality disorder happens when a person has an excessive tendency to distrust and suspect others without any particular reason. People who have this disorder are constantly vigilant because they think that someone is out to get them or hurt them.
Symptoms involve: doubt the sincerity, loyalty of people, thinking that they are being taken advantage of or deceived by them.
2.) Schizoid Personality Disorder:
Schizoid personality disorder is a type of personality disorder that causes people to avoid social situations and refrain from communicating with others. Additionally, their capacity for expressing emotion is constrained.
Symptoms involve: prefer solitude, dislike close relationships, have difficulty expressing emotions.
3.) Schizotypal Personality Disorder:
The mental illness schizotypal personality disorder (STPD) is characterised by a persistent pattern of extreme discomfort in close relationships and social situations. People with STPD have strange mannerisms, superstitions, and warped perceptions of reality. Their ailments typically interfere with their relationships.
Symptoms involve peculiar, quirky, or strange ways of thinking, believing, or behaving.
B.) EMOTIONAL AND DRAMATIC
Dramatic, excessively emotional, or unpredictable thoughts or behaviours are the characteristics of this type of personality disorder. People having these personality disorders are more likely to behave dramatically and erratically. This includes:
1.) Anti Social Personality disorder:
Antisocial personality disorder, one of the most common personality disorders, is where an individual continuously disregards right and wrong, as well as the rights and sentiments of others, creating problems in their daily lives. The individual with this personality disorder lacks empathy.
Symptoms involve: being dishonest, being impulsive, having an irresponsible disregard for their own or others’ safety, being constantly negligent.
2.) Border Line Personality Disorder:
This is another of the most common personality disorders in the world. Borderline personality disorder affects how a person thinks and feels about themselves and the people around them. It includes problems with self-image, trouble controlling one’s emotions, and a history of rocky relationships.
Symptoms involve Wide-ranging mood fluctuations that can last anywhere from a few hours to a few days and include extreme happiness, irritation, guilt, or anxiety.
3.) Histrionic Personality Disorder:
Histrionic Personality disorder is a psychological condition that has an impact on a person’s ability to think, perceive, and interact with others. People with this personality disorder have an overwhelming desire for attention, that’s why they often act out or in an improper way to get attention.
Symptoms involve: excessive need for attention, being susceptible to peer pressure, exhibiting improper behaviour to win praise or acceptance.
4.) Narcissistic Personality Disorder:
Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a mental disorder where individuals have an excessive sense of their own significance. They also have an overwhelming desire to be the centre of attention and also want admiration of people. They don’t think about others.
Symptoms involve: an exaggerated sense of self, belittles others frequently, lives in a make-believe world that feeds their inflated sense of self.
C.) ANXIOUS AND AFRAID
People with this type of personality disorder frequently experience fearful and anxious thinking and behaviour that interferes with their daily lives. This includes:
1.) Avoidant Personality Disorder:
People who suffer from this type of personality disorder frequently feel inadequate and are extremely sensitive to criticism from others. Despite their want to socialise, they often refrain because of their overwhelming dread of being rejected by others.
Symptoms involve social restraint, a sense of inadequateness, receptivity to criticism or rejection.
2. ) Dependent Personality Disorder:
Dependent personality disorder is a mental disorder in which people frequently experience feelings of helplessness, submission, or impotence. They might struggle to come to easy judgments.
Symptoms involve avoidance of taking accountability, having trouble being alone, and difficulty making routine choices.
3.) Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
Perfectionism traits in OCPD patients generally emerge in the early stages of adulthood. Due to their rigid standards, the person’s perfectionism may hinder their ability to finish projects. When they can’t manage a situation, they could emotionally withdraw.
Symptoms involve a lack of adaptability, not being generous, and obsession with specifics, guidelines, and lists.
There are specific diagnostic standards for each type of personality disorder. However, in accordance with the DSM-5, a personality disorder is typically diagnosed when there is a long-term, considerable departure from cultural norms that causes severe discomfort or impairment in at least two of these areas:
- Your perspective on yourself, other people, and events, and how you interpret them
- The suitability of your emotional reactions
- How successfully you interact with others and behave in romantic relationships
- Whether or not you have self-control
This was some information about the types of personality disorders, their symptoms and diagnosis.
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